Semi-solid metal casting (SSM) is a near net shape variant of die casting. The process is used There are four different processes: thixocasting, rheocasting, thixomolding, and SIMA. SSM is done at a temperature that puts the metal between. In addition, the more uniform distribution of the SiCp, observed in the composites produced by the rheocasting process, delays the grain growth At the same. This paper reviews what we know, and what we do not know, about the rheology of semi-solid metals, and about practical, metal-forming processes.

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This cohabitation prlcess process and quality issues is becoming more and more problematical because of the request of increased performance in castings, in order to produce a large series of components which often have very critical applications.

Views Read Edit View history. Asia has focused more on the production of electronic components such as electrical housing components and notebook cases with emphasis on eheocasting alloys. Often graphite or softer stainless steels may be used. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads.


Die life is normally longer due to lower alloy temperature. Unlike thixocasting, which re-heats a billet, rheocasting develops the semi-solid slurry from the molten metal produced in a typical die casting furnace. The screw rotation provides the necessary shearing force to generate the globular structure needed for semi-solid casting. The particular distribution and volume fractions of the two phases render the material thixotropic, where its viscosity decreases with shear rate, to enable the mixture to be injected at high rates into a die cavity while maintaining laminar flow.

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Other potential applications of procezs Rheocast process are discussed. Because thixotropy semi-solid state is a middle state in physical or rheological sense process conditions form a band so narrow even environmental temperature differences have to be considered.

In conventional casting the high viscosity of the composite slurry cannot either wet the sharp corners of the reinforcement or infiltrate the interstitial voids created in clusters of SiC pleading to porosity. The advantages of semi-solid casting are as follows: Generally, interdendritic shrinkage pores, inclusions, secondary dendrite arm spacing are privileged crack initiation sites, independently of the loading conditions.

Mechanical machining of metals causes high strain deformations which result in nanocrystalline structures.

In the late s and early s processes were developed to make salt-coated magnesium which can be made from molten metal Legge et al. The process later evolved into Thixocasting, rheocawting carefully prepared electromagnetically stirred billets that contain globular alpha aluminum are dispersed within a lower melting point eutectic phase.

It has been a chemical reagent in the production of organic compounds through the organo-magnesium Grignard reagent.

Primary production of magnesium R. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Thixocasting is being performed commercially in North America, Europe and Asia. This can be obtained by either stirring typically mechanical stirring or electromagnetic stirring or grain refinement and thermal history control An early proposal was to use the slurry as formed on cooling by directly charging it from the slurry generator into the shot chamber of a die-casting machine and then injecting it into the die.


Author links open overlay panel M. Because of this the process can be applied to rapid prototyping needs and mass production. Simply, thixotropic fluids flow when sheared, but thicken when standing.

Semi-solid metal casting – Wikipedia

Rheocast slurries have been produced of a variety of alloys including aluminum alloys, bronzes, cast iron, stainless steel and super-alloys. In addition, the more uniform distribution of the SiC pobserved in the composites produced by the rheocasting process, delays the grain growth. Defects and anomalies are an everyday challenge within the framework of foundry technologies. The screw drives the chips down the barrel under heating and shearing conditions, which generate good semisolid material, and then forces the slurry into a die in an operation similar to plastic injection molding.

Semi-solid metal casting

In a single step process, room temperature magnesium alloy chips are fed into the back end of a heated barrel through a volumetric feeder. The much procfss metal temperature compared to die casting allows the casting of extremely thin wall magnesium castings.

Such atomization requires protective gas use during the atomization to minimize burning. The semi-solid material is prepared to have globular primary phase morphology Fig. Semi-solid casting is a casting process that involves filling a mold with the metal in a partially molten state in which globules of solid are homogeneously dispersed in the liquid.